Typhoon Rai - Dec 2021


Disaster description

The newly formed tropical depression TWENTYEIGHT is moving westwards over the western Pacific. On 13 December, at 0.00 UTC, its centre was located about 350 km south-east of Sorol Island (Caroline Islands, Federated States of Micronesia), and 810 km south-east of Palau, with maximum sustained winds of 45 km/h. In the morning of 13 December, TWENTYEIGHT is forecast to strengthen to a tropical storm, as it continues westwards over the Pacific Ocean, passing south of Sorol. (ECHO, 13 Dec 2021)

On 15 December, Typhoon Rai (locally named Odette) further intensified and became of typhoon strength while it continued to move west northwestward. According to the Philippines weather bureau, PAGASA, Typhoon Rai continues to gain strength, currently packing maximum winds of 130 km/h and gustiness of up to 160 km/h and is expected to make landfall in the vicinity of Surigao Provinces or southern portion of Eastern Visayas late on Thursday,16 December with high winds up to 155 km/h. The typhoon is forecasted to make landfall in vicinity of CARAGA or Eastern Visayas, then move slightly north westward and cross several provinces in Central and Western Visayas regions before emerging over the Sulu Sea on Friday. Typhoon Rai’s sustained winds may reach its peak intensity of 155 km/h before landfall [...] Areas along the typhoon’s track will experience torrential to intense rains and strong gale winds with is a high risk of wind damage, rain-induced landslides, flash floods and flooding, particularly in areas that experienced significant antecedent rainfall earlier in December. (OCHA, 15 Dec 2021)

The government pre-emptively evacuated over 330,000 people in Northeastern Mindanao and Visayas ahead of a potentially devasting impact of the Super Typhoon Rai/Odette. Needs assessments ongoing but hampered by flooded and blocked roads and interruption of other lifelines [...] According to the initial reports of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Council (NDRRMC) and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), over 330,000 people have been pre-emptively evacuated, 674 evacuation centers are open and as of now one 1 death and 2 injured are reported. The onslaught of a typhoon cut essential lifelines, leaving 63 cities and municipalities without electricity, affecting 73 seaports and cancelling over 160 domestic and international flights. (OCHA, 17 Dec 2021)

Typhoon Rai made initial landfall in Siargao Island, province of Surigao del Norte in Caraga region, northern Mindanao on 16 December 2021. It carried gusts up to 270 km/h with maximum sustained winds of 195 km/h near the centre making it the strongest storm to make landfall in the Philippines this year. The trail of the Typhoon Rai crossed the Philippine archipelago from Caraga to Eastern and Central Visayas and Palawan. [...] The latest government figures indicate 130,128 families or 477,614 people affected in 1,417 barangays in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI, Caraga and MIMAROPA [...]. Due to power disruptions and intermittent signals, it has been challenging to obtain further details from the ground. Hence, these reported numbers are expected to increase significantly. Pre-emptively 332,855 people were evacuated, and 1,603 evacuation centres hosted 77,494 families (289,049 individuals). Initial estimated number of people living in the affected areas is 15.9 million, of which 9.1 million people are live in the worst affected areas (AHA Center). (IFRC, 18 Dec 2021)

As of 21 December, a total of 2.4 million people are affected across 10 regions in 4,293 barangays or villages. Around 684,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 440,000 people in evacuation centers. A total of 139,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 53,800 are totally damaged. (OCHA, 21 Dec 2021)

As of 27 December, a total of 4.6 million people are affected across 10 regions in 6,057 barangays or villages. Around 571,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 315,000 people in evacuation centers. A total of 405,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 127,800 are totally damaged. (OCHA, 27 Dec 2021)

To date, over 6.2 million people were affected across 10 regions. About 580,000 of them remain displaced with 356,000 people staying in evacuation centres and 227,000 people staying with host families or friends. Latest death count has totalled to 397. Urgent needs are food and non-food items (NFIs), clean water and sanitation facilities, shelter, hygiene kits, medical supplies and restoration of livelihoods. As per NDRRMC report on 30 December, 161 cities/municipalities have restored power out of 284 that experienced power outage or interruptions. While 79 cities/municipalities have restored communication lines out of 189 that experienced interrupted services. Estimated agricultural damages include 80,000 hectares of crops, 1.2 million livestock and poultry and 5,024 agricultural infrastructure and equipment costing about Php 5.5 billion (or $108 million). (OCHA, 30 Dec 2021)

As of 3 January 2022, a total of 6.8 million people are affected across 11 regions in 6,794 barangays or villages. Around 539,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 349,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 830,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 240,000 are totally damaged. Response clusters have been activated and are being convened under the leadership of the relevant government line agencies. OCHA is supporting overall coordination of the Humanitarian Country Team in responding to most urgent needs in Caraga and Region VIII and has released a Humanitarian Needs and Priorities document requesting $107.2 million for the next 6 months. (OCHA, 3 Jan 2022)

The humanitarian response continues three weeks since the landfall of super typhoon Rai, which is estimated to have damaged 1,234,079 houses (339,303 totally damaged; 894,776 partially damaged). According to Government report, 170,589 displaced people remain in 1,025 evacuation centers (ECs) in six regions. Priority concerns are access to electricity, potable water, and WASH facilities. The displaced people are also at higher risk of COVID-19 infection because of overcrowding in evacuation centers. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) has distributed US$10 million worth of assistance – including food, water and non-food items, with additional reserves of $17 million in funding and in-kind assistance available in warehouses. Since the launch of the Humanitarian Needs and Priorities (HNP), funding received is at $20.6 million (or 19.2 per cent) within the HNP and another $28.6 million outside the HNP. Funding received for HNP includes a $12 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) which has been allocated to IOM, UNICEF, WFP and UNFPA. (OCHA, 10 Jan 2022)

As of 13 January 2022, a total of 8 million people are affected across 11 regions in 8,779 barangays or villages. Around 200,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 160,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 1,400,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 400,000 are destroyed. Due to a surge in COVID-19 cases, the pandemic continues to threaten public health and safety and is also creating multiple operational challenges for the humanitarian response. Women and girls continue to face disproportional impacts due to limited access to sexual and reproductive health services, increased risk to gender-based violence, and disruptions in protection services. Children are at risk of falling behind due to school closures (6,200 classrooms are damaged nationwide) and increasing food insecurity resulting in malnutrition. (OCHA, 13 Jan 2022)

One month on, families are still reeling from the storm’s effects and struggling to pick up the pieces of their lives. Meanwhile, a country-wide COVID-19 surge and heavy rains linked to La Niña are severely hampering the response in the Caraga region in north-eastern Mindanao, and the Leyte and Southern Leyte provinces of the Visayas islands. While many of the displaced people have returned home, 160,000 people remain in evacuation centres. Hospitals are at limited capacity and many health facilities have been damaged, which include COVID and birthing facilities. There are over four million women and girls of reproductive age in the affected areas with 162,000 believed to be pregnant. Many women and girls have been left without access to reproductive health support. This will be further worsened by the current COVID-19 surge. The typhoon has further impacted the already grim malnutrition rates in the CARAGA and Eastern Visayas areas. In the CARAGA region, 53 per cent of families already couldn’t afford a nutritious meal and in Eastern Visayas 42 per cent of children were stunted. 135,000 students in 835 schools are affected in the Caraga region alone. The damages to farmland has been catastrophic with over 440,000 hectares of farmland affected. hectares of farmland affected. With many of the affected in small islands and geographically isolated areas, this disaster has presented many logistical challenges to get aid to those most in need. (OCHA, 20 Jan 2022)

As of 20 January, the number of assessed damaged houses has increased to 1,570,240 houses. Of these, 423,492 are completely destroyed with the most affected provinces are Cebu, Bohol (region VII) and Surigao del Norte (region XIII) accounting for 61% of destroyed homes. In Palawan, government reports have shown 77,000 houses are damaged or destroyed which housed over 385,000 individuals. However, the damage from the Typhoon goes well beyond the direct impact to housing and sanitation facilitates, to disruptions to livelihoods, infrastructure and massively increased protection risks in the most vulnerable communities. Over 220 health facilities have been damaged, and access to others is disrupted, further complicated by the severity of the COVID-19 outbreak over the past month. In terms of impact to the agriculture sector, the damage and losses report from the Department of Agriculture (DA) as of 18 January 2022 showed that the total value of damages and losses is at over US$261 million. Partners issued a preliminary assessment on labor and employment indicating that almost 2.2 million workers are estimated to have been directly impacted. Across all affected regions, understanding and assessment of complex protection concerns related to disability, GBV, sexual and reproductive health and other vulnerabilities, especially among adolescents, girls and women, and other vulnerabilities remain under-assessed. Based on the report from the Philippine National Police Regional Women and Children Protection Desk CARAGA, there is a potential increase in GBV. (OCHA, 24 Jan 2022)

As of 27 January 2022, a total of 9.9 million people are affected across 11 regions in 9,500 barangays or villages. Around 144,000 displaced people are reported in five regions with 80,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 1,700,000 houses have been damaged, out of which 415,000 are destroyed. Due to a surge in COVID-19 cases, the pandemic continues to threaten public health and safety and is also creating multiple operational challenges for the humanitarian response. (OCHA, 27 Jan 2022)

While electricity services are being restored, many locations remain without power and 76 municipalities still have limited access to communications for voice and data even six weeks later. At least 220 health facilities have been damaged, and many are running at limited capacity with lack of fuel, medicines and supplies, even as a new wave of Covid-19 is affecting many areas. The typhoon has reversed the school reopening process, increasing the levels of learning loss already caused by school closures and the risk of permanent drop-outs, neglecting children’s right to education. Over 4,000 classrooms have been destroyed and 2 million children’s learning has been disrupted, compounding the impact from Covid-19 measures. (OCHA, 2 Feb 2022)

To date, UNICEF reached over 46,000 individuals with emergency WASH supplies. In addition, 2,100 individuals have accessed temporary district hospitals and rural health facilities established in UNICEF tents. Around 1,841 children were screened for malnutrition, while 2,071 children and caregivers have accessed mental health and psychosocial support. More than 9,000 children have accessed education supplies and services. (UNICEF, 8 Feb 2022)

According to government reports, the typhoon affected a total of 10.8 million people across eleven regions in 10,100 barangays/villages, killed around 405 people with thousands injured, and displacing nearly 3 million people. More than 133,000 people remain displaced with 77,000 people still in evacuation centers. A total of 1.9 million houses have been damaged, out of which 427,000 were totally damaged. As per the NDRRMC report of 9 February 2022, 10 million hectares of crop area were destroyed, over 120,000 livestock and poultry were lost, while the cost of damages to fisheries are estimated at over 2 billion Philippines Pesos (US 39Million). Seven weeks on, $28.6 million worth of assistance has been provided to the affected families by the Government. Camp management and shelter, WASH, protection and GBV, agriculture and health remain the top priority. On 2nd February 2022, the Humanitarian Country Team launched the revised Humanitarian Needs and Priorities plan for six months to supplement the ongoing relief efforts led by the Government. The plan seeks $169 million, up from $107 million. (OCHA, 11 Feb 2022)

In typhoon-affected areas of Bohol and Cebu (Region VII), needs have evolved from life-saving assistance to early recovery, according to a scoping mission by OCHA that met with the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)'s Regional Office and Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office (PDRRMO) between the 13 to 16 February. The scoping mission was deployed to Region VII to identify the humanitarian needs and gaps in the aftermath of Typhoon Rai (Odette), map the presence of humanitarian agencies and assess the coordination capacity of the government. Although there is limited humanitarian presence, Region VII has a relatively higher response capacity and has rolled out a voucher assistance program for shelter. (OCHA, 2 Mar 2022)

Appeals and Response Plans

Latest Updates

Maps and Infographics

Most Read

Other disasters affecting the countries