Afghanistan: Measles Outbreak - Dec 2021

Status
Alert
Glide
EP-2021-000214-AFG

Disaster description

According to WHO, four suspected measles outbreaks were reported between 21-27 December 2021 in Chinartu, Chora District in Uruzgan, in Suri District in Zabul and in Arghistan District in Kandahar. Reportedly 35 patients suspected with measles symptoms are undergoing medical tests to confirm measles. (OCHA, 9 Jan 2022)

During epidemiological week 4 of 2022 a total of 1,465 new cases (5.5% increase from previous week) and 24 new deaths (100% increase from previous week) were reported. Since epidemiological week 1 of 2022, the trends of new measles cases reported in all provinces has continued to increase sharply. The most affected provinces include Helmand (20.9%), Kandahar (6.9%), Balkh (5.1%), Paktika provinces (4.4%), Ghor (4.3%) and Ghazni (3.9%). A total of 35,609 clinical cases of measles and 3,211 lab confirmed cases are reported between January 2021 to January 2022. A total of 156 confirmed deaths due to measles are recorded during the same period. (WHO, 29 Jan 2022)

From 1 January 2021 to 29 January 2022, 35 319 suspected measles cases were reported in Afghanistan, of which 3221 (9%) were laboratory-confirmed by IgM-ELISA in the seven reference laboratories (one national and six regional). Most of the suspected measles cases (91%) occurred among children less than 5 years of age. During the same period, 156 measles deaths were reported among the confirmed cases (CFR=4.8%), with more than 97% of the fatalities registered among children less than 5 years of age. Although the number of deaths is relatively low, the rapid rise in cases suggests that the trend of reported deaths will continue to increase sharply in the coming weeks. The most affected provinces, with the highest number of reported cases (confirmed and suspected) are Balkh, Ghazni, Helmand, Kandahar, Kabul, Paktika, and Paktya. (WHO, 10 Feb 2022)

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